Since Canada`s social security system includes a specific pension plan in the province of Quebec, an additional agreement was reached with Quebec to extend the agreement to that province, also effective August 1, 1984. The terms of the U.S.-Canadian Agreement and understanding between the United States and Quebec are very similar, and unless otherwise stated, refers in this document to the U.S.-Canadian Agreement also for the U.S.-Quebec agreement. Prior to the agreement, workers, employers and the self-employed may, in certain circumstances, be required to pay social security contributions for the same work, both in the United States and in Canada. So where are you? Are you caught in the middle of this unique problem? You are not alone in your quest for a path forward. Since regulations and agreements are constantly in circulation, it is important to consider your options through the objective of the current cross-border agreements. For more information, contact Cardinal Point. The table below outlines the different types of social security benefits to be paid under U.S. and Canadian social security plans and briefly outlines eligibility requirements for each type of benefit. If you do not qualify for these benefits, the agreement can help you qualify (see “How Benefits Can Be Paid”). If you do not wish to be entitled to benefits, but would like to obtain more information about the agreement, write: Below, you will find a graph showing how you can benefit from the various benefits without relying on a totalization agreement. This does not include eligibility on the basis of sped or disability benefits, which in some cases may be an option.
Under the agreement, Canada will consider your U.S. social security loans acquired after 1951 and 18 years, as well as periods of stay in Canada after 1951 and 18 years, as the OAS residency requirements. However, to be entitled to have your U.S. credits counted, you must have been in Canada for at least one year after 1951 and 18 years. If you have any questions about international social security agreements, please contact the Office of International Social Security Programs at 410-965-3322 or 410-965-7306. However, do not call these numbers if you want to inquire about a right to an individual benefit. If you have social security credits in both the U.S. and Canada, you may be eligible for benefits from one or both countries. If you meet all the essential requirements under a country`s system, you will benefit regularly from that country.
If you don`t meet the basic requirements, the agreement can help you qualify for a performance, as explained below. This document discusses the strengths of the agreement and how it can help you work and apply for benefits. A list of countries with which the United States currently has totalization agreements and copies of these agreements can be accessed under U.S. international social security agreements. The signing of the agreement signed in Ottawa on March 11, 1981 came into force on August 1, 1984; in the amendment by an amendment signed in Ottawa on May 10, 1983, it came into effect on August 1, 1984 and a second endorsement came into effect in Ottawa on May 28, 1996. The administrative agreement signed in Ottawa on May 22, 1981 came into force on August 1, 1984; amended by an endorsement, signed in Ottawa on May 10, 1983 and effective August 1, 1984. See also the agreement between the United States of America and the province of Quebec on social security.