U.s. Agreement With Taliban

Finally, the agreement stipulates that the United States will enter into diplomatic talks with the UN in order to remove Taliban members from the “sanctions list.” [Preview, every day in your inbox. The Taliban are not a single united organization, but are made up of different commanders and militias throughout Afghanistan, many with conflicting ideas about the war and now about the peace agreement. The Taliban leaders who negotiated the peace deal belong to the Taliban ruling group, called Quetta Shura. This group operates from Pakistan and is largely a political and economic organization. The Quetta Shura controls the highly profitable opium and heroin trade that finances the Taliban`s military operations in Afghanistan. The Quetta Shura is led by high-ranking Taliban, including Haibutullah Akhundzada, Mohammed Yaqub, Mohammed Omar and Abdul Ghani Baradar. Another problem is that the last Afghan presidential elections were contested and led to a divided and dysfunctional government in Kabul. With two opponents declaring themselves victorious, no one is leading Kabul. Given that the next stage of the peace deal is being discussed between the Taliban and the Afghan government, a divided and fragmented government in Kabul complicates the next step. On May 17, 2020, Ghani signed a power-sharing agreement with his rival Abdullah Abdullah.

The agreement ended the long row over the results of Afghanistan`s 2019 presidential elections and gave Abdullah responsibility for peace negotiations. [135] In February 2019, another roundtable was held in Qatar, this time with Baradar`s participation in the Taliban delegation[79] – he had been released by Pakistan in October 2018 at the request of the United States. [80] [81] Khalilzad said that this round of negotiations was “more productive than in the past” and that a draft peace agreement had been agreed. The agreement provided for the withdrawal of US and international troops from Afghanistan and the Taliban, which did not allow other jihadist groups to operate in the country. [79] The Taliban also announced that progress would be made in the negotiations. [79] U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo commended both sides for their “perseverance and willingness to find common ground,” adding that the U.S. would “work hard with all parties to achieve a serious reduction in violence and ceasefire.”